Nectar references

[Back to list of butterfly species]

1.  Hardy, Peter B. (personal observation)

2.  Kinder, Phillip M. (personal observation)

3.  Hardy, Grace C. (personal observation)

4.  Greenwood, Richard S. (personal observation)

5.  Butterworth, Kathleen  (personal observation)

6.  Stokes, Michael S. (personal observation)

7.  Crossley, P. Gayle (personal observation)

8.  Shaw, Barry T. (1998). Butterflies of Cheshire

9.  Shaw, Barry T. (2003). Cheshire Butterfly Report 2002

10.  Asher, James et al (2001). Millennium Atlas

11.  Heath, J, Pollard, E. & Thomas, J. (1984). Atlas of Butterflies

12.  Thomson, G. (1980). Butterflies of Scotland

13.  Harrison, F. & Sterling, M.J. (1985). Butterflies & Moths of Derbyshire

14.  Whitehead, R. et al (1986). Butterflies of Merseyside

15.  Garland, S.P. (1981). Butterflies of the Sheffield area

16.  Phelp, E.G. (1993). Butterflies of Kent

17.  Riley, A.M. (1991). Butterflies & moths of Shropshire

18.  Hall, M.R. (1988). An atlas of Norfolk butterflies

19.  Bristow, C.R., Mitchell, S.H. & Boulton, D.E. (1993). Devon butterflies

20.  Thomas, J. & Webb, N. (1984). Butterflies of Dorset

21.  Beaufoy, S. (1947). Butterfly Lives

22.  Newman, L.H. (1948). Butterfly Haunts

23.  Newman, L.H. (1950). Talking of Butterflies, Moths and other fascinating insects

24.  Newman, L.H. (1952). Transformations of Butterflies and Moths

25.  Newman, L.H. (1959). Looking at Butterflies

26.  Newman, L.H. (1958). Instructions to young naturalists (Insects)

27.  Newman, L.H. (1968). Create a butterfly garden

28.  Newman, L.H. (1967). Living with butterflies

29.  South, R. (1906) The butterflies of the British Isles

30.  Emmet,  A.M & heath, J. (1989). The moths and butterflies of Great Britain and Ireland, vol.7(1)

31.  Thomas, J. & Lewington, R. (1991). The butterflies of Britain & Ireland

32.  Brooks, M. & Knight, C. (1982). A complete guide to British butterflies

33.  Howarth, T.G. (1973). Colour identification guide to the butterflies of the British Isles

34.  Rothschild, M. & Farrell, C. (1983). The Butterfly Gardener

35.  Frohawk, F.W. (1924). Natural History of British butterflies

36.  Sanders, E. (1939). A butterfly book for the pocket

37. Newman, E. (1869). An illustrated Natural history of British butterflies and moths

38.  Smith, A.J. (personal observation)

39.  Porter, K. et al in Dennis, R.L.H. (1992)

40.  Steel, C. (19xx). Woodland butterflies (B.B.C.S. booklet)

41.  Willmott, K. (19xx). The Purple Emperor butterfly (B.B.C.S. booklet)

42.  Grove, S. & Herbert, K. (19xx). The butterflies of the Southern Chalk downlands (B.B.C.S. booklet)

43.  Davies, M. (19xx). The White-letter Hairstreak butterfly (B.B.C.S. booklet)

44.  Payne, M. (19xx). Gardening for butterflies (B.B.C.S. booklet)

45.  West, I. (19xx). The Swallowtail butterfly (B.B.C.S. booklet)

46.  B.B.C.S. News 33 (1984)

1.      Wildridge, B. 

2.       Hampton, J. 

3.       Bernhard, T.  

4.       Porter, K. 

47.  B.B.C.S. News 34 (1985)

1.      Partridge, U.

2.      Robbins, J.I.

3.      Potts, R.

4.      Jones, C.

48.  B.B.C.S. News 35 (1985)

1.      Williams, M.

2.      Oakes, H.

49.  B.B.C.S. News 36 (1986)

1.      anon

2.      Robbins, J.I.

3.      Wills, P.A.C.

4.      Hall, M.R.

5.      Coleman, N.

[B.B.C.S. News 37 & 38 – none]

50.  B.B.C.S. News 39 (1987)

1.      Whitehead, R.W.

2.      Wildridge, B.

3.      Robertson, D.

4.      Pittkin, P.

5.      Wildridge, T.

51.  B.B.C.S. News 40 (1988)

1.      John, E.

2.      Minton, (Mrs.)

3.      Bowles, P.

4.      Rippey, I.

5.      Wildridge, B.

6.      Todd, A.J.

52.  B.B.C.S. News 41 (1989)

            1.  Stokes, J.

[B.B.C.S. News 42 – none]

53.  B.B.C.S. News 43 (1989)

1.      Warren, E.

2.      Griffiths, M.

54.  B.B.C.S. News 44 (1990)

1.      Porter, C.

2.      Vickery, M.L.

55.  B.B.C.S. News 45 (1990)

1.      Roper, P.

2.      Still, R.

3.      Yorke, G.

4.      Element, D.

56.  B.B.C.S. News 46 (1990)

1.      North, B.

2.      Roper, P.

3.      Murdoch, A.D.

4.      Goodwin, D. & Knowles, E.

5.      Morrison, S.

6.      Joy, J. & Williams, M.

7.      Wright, E.

57.  B.B.C.S. News 47 (1991)

1.      Tucker, J.M.

2.      Sutton, R.D.

3.      Vickery, M.L.

4.      Tucker, J.M.

58.  B.B.C.S. News 48 (1991)

1.      Vickery, M.L.

2.      Lane, R.

59.  B.B.C.S. News 49 (1991)

1.      “Arion”

2.      Whitby, S.

3.      Lane, R.

4.      Ravenscroft, N.D.

60.  B.B.C.S. News 50 (1992)

1.      Cook, A.J.

2.      anon

3.      Munday, R,

4.      Saward, R.

5.      Ploughden, F.

61.  B.B.C.S. News 51 (1992)

1.      Fredericks, R.

2.      Joy, J. & Harrison, C.

3.      Ploughden, F.

4.      Waring, P.

62.  B.B.C.S. News 52 (1992)

1.      Glover, S.

2.      Hart, G.

3.      Browning, P.

4.      Wildridge, T.

5.      Whittaker, K.

6.      Roper, P.

7.      Pain, P.

8.      Ploughden, F.

9.      Tomlinson, D.

63.  B.B.C.S. News 53 (1993)

1.      Ellis, S.

2.      Wright, C.

3.      Joy, M.

4.      Tye, D.R.

5.      Woolven, M.

6.      Still, R.

7.      Whitcomb, P.

8.      Hoare, A.

9.      Glover, S.

64.  B.B.C.S. News 54 (1993)

1.      Newland, D.

2.      Still, R.

3.      Potter, C.

4.      anon

5.      Tomlinson, D.

65.  B.B.C.S. News 55 (1993)

1.      Davis, F.

2.      Nicholls, A.

3.      Tomlinson, D.

4.      Ploughden, F,

66.  B.B.C.S. News 56 (1994)

1.      Bunn, D.

2.      Wildridge, T.

3.      Brookes, A.

4.      Ploughden, F.

5.      Malbon, J.

6.      Tomlinson, D.

67.  B.B.C.S. News 57 (1994)

            1.      Roberts, G.

2.      Spooner, T.

3.      Ploughdon, F.

4.      Brookes, A.

68.  B.B.C.S. News 58 (1994)

1.      Roberts, G.

2.      Goodwin, D.

3.      Spooner, T.

4.      Saunders, M.

69.  B.B.C.S. News 59 (1995)

1.      “Arion”

2.      Roberts, G.

3.      McAllister, D.W.

4.      Boyd, J.

5.      via Bennett, L.

6.      Vickery, M.L.

7.      Ploughden, F.

70.  B.B.C.S. News 60 (1995)

1.      “Arion”

2.      Roberts, G.

            3.      Lancaster, B.C.

            4.      Ploughden, F.

71.  B.B.C.S. News 61 (1995/6)

            1.      “Arion”

2.      Pyke, A.

3.      Tyler, S.

4.      Roberts, G.

5.      anon

6.      Ploughden, F.

72.  B.B.C.S. News 62 (1996)

1.      Roberts, G.

2.      Moore, A.

            3.      Ploughden, F.

            4.      Brickwood, J.

            5.      Dawson, N.

            6.      anon

            7.      Robinson, N.A.

73.  B.B.C.S. News 63 (1996)

            1.      Neeve, R.

2.      Warren, M.

3.      Bailey, G.

4.      Suitcliffe, R.

5.      Ploughden, F.

6.      Hurst, M. via Ploughden, F.

7.      Paston, S. via Ploughden, F.

8.      Vickery, M.L. via Ploughden, F.

9.      Dawson, N. via Ploughden, F.

10.    Black, K.M. via Ploughden, F.

11.    Hammersley, D.

12.    Newland, M. via Ploughden, F.

13.    Oates, M. via Ploughden, F.

14.    Moore, A. via Ploughden, F.

15.    Brookes, A. via Ploughden, F.

16.    Roper, P.

17.    Wildridge, T.

18.    Coombes, S.

74.  B.B.C.S. News 64 (1996/7)

1.      anon

2.      Ploughden, F.

75.  B.B.C.S. News 65 (1997)

            1.   Nicholls, A.

76.  B.B.C.S. News 66 (1997)

            1.      Willmott, K.

2.      Nicholls, A.

77.  B.B.C.S. News 67 (1997/8)

1.      Bennett, M.

2.      Hoare, A.

78.  B.B.C.S. News 68 (1998)

            1.      Rabjohns, I.

2.      Dunbar, D.

3.      Potter, B.

4.      Nicholls, A.

5.      Hoare, A.

6.      Wise, S.D.

79.  B.B.C.S. News 69 (1998)

            1.      Hoare, A.

            2.      Steele, J.

3.      “Arion”

4.      Callan, I.

5.      Roper, P.

6.      anon

80.  B.B.C.S. News 70 (1998/9)

            1.      Warren, M.

2.      Andrews, J.

81.  B.B.C.S. News 71 (1999)

1.      Slaughter, L.

2.      Hoare, A.

            3.      via Fox, R.

            4.      Morris, D.

            5.      Wemyss, P.

82.  B.B.C.S. News 72 (1999)

            1.      Bailey, G.

2.      Mann, J.

83.  B.B.C.S. News 73 (1999/2000)

            1.      anon

2.      Slaughter, L.

84.  B.B.C.S. News 74 (2000)

            1.      Pioli, A.

2.      Hoare, A.

85.  B.B.C.S. News 75 (2000)

            1.      Bedford, R.

2.      Barnes, A.

3.      Bennett, M.

86.  B.B.C.S. News 76 (2000/1)

            1.      Lavelle, M.

2.      Warren, M.

3.      Stewart, R.

87.  B.B.C.S. News 77 (2001)

            1.      via Vickery, M.L.

2.      Barnes, A.

3.      Andrews, J.

4.      McKellar, J.

5.      Warren, M.

6.      Barnes, A.

7.      Tye, D.R.

8.      Wedd, P.A.

88.  B.B.C.S. News 78 (2001)

            1.      Dover, J.

2.      anon

3.      Warren, M.

4.      Element, D.

[B.B.C.S. News 79 – no copy available]

89.  B.B.C.S. News 80 (2002)

            1.      Barnes, A.

2.      Newell, H.

3.      anon

4.      Watts, B.R. & McIlwraith, B.J.

90.  B.B.C.S. News 81 (2002)

            1.      Barnes, A.

2.      Clough, S.

91.  B.B.C.S. News 82 (2002/3)

            1.   Davis, A.

92.  B.B.C.S. News 83 (2003)

            1.      Barnes, A.

2.      anon

93.  B.B.C.S. News 84 (2003)

            1.   anon

94.  B.B.C.S. News 85 (2003/4)

            1.   via Bourn, N. & Tait, M.

95.  Shaw, Barry T. (2000) Cheshire Butterfly Report

96.  Shaw, Barry T. (2001) Cheshire Butterfly Report

97.  Vickery, M.L. (1995). Butterfly plants for the garden

            1.   raw data (cards) for above

98.  Whalley, P.E.S. (1997?). Butterflies of Gwynedd

99.  Duddington, J. & Johnson, R. (1983). The butterflies and larger moths of Lincolnshire and south Humberside.

100.  Rutherford, C.I. (1983). Butterflies in Cheshire 1961-1982.

101.  Emmet, A.M. & Pyman, G.A. (1985). The larger moths and butterflies of Essex.

102.  Dunn, T.C. & Parrack, J.D. (1986). The moths and butterflies of Northumberland and Durham.

103.  Smout, A.M. & Kinnear, P. (1993). The butterflies of  Fife.

104.  Barnham, M. & Foggitt, G.T. (1987). Butterflies in the Harrogate district.

105.  Green J. (1982). A Practical Guide to the Butterflies of Worcestershire.

106.  Rimington, E. (1992). Butterflies of the Doncaster district.

107.  Hickin, N. (1992). The Buterflies of Ireland.

108.  Mendel, H. & Piotrowski, S.H. (1986). The Butterflies of Suffolk.

109.  Goodden, R.C. (1978). British Butterflies – a field guide.

110.  Frost, M.P. & Madge, S.C. (1991). Butterflies in South-east Cornwall.

111.  Plant, C.W. (1987). The butterflies of the London area.

112.  Gay, J. & P. (1996). Atlas of Sussex Butterflies.

113.  Steel, C. & D. (1985). Butterflies of Berkshire, Buckinghamshire & Oxfordshire.

114.  Corke, D. (1997). The Butterflies of Essex.

115.  Wacher, J., Worth, J. & Spalding, A. (2003). A Cornwall Butterfly Atlas.

116.  Collins, G.A. (1995). Butterflies of Surrey.

117.  Fuller, M. (1995). The Butterflies of Wiltshire.

118.  Sawford, B. (1987). The Butterflies of Hertfordshire.

119.  Tudor, O., Dennis, R.L.H., Greatorex-Davies, J.N., Sparks, T.H. (2004). Flower preferences of woodland butterflies in the U.K.: nectaring specialists are species of conservation concern.

120.  Shaw, B.T. (2004). Cheshire Butterfly Report 2003

121.  Eeles, H. (personal observation)

122.  Dennis, R.L.H. (personal observation)

123.  John, E.& J. (personal observation)

124.  Blears, A.R. (2004). Butterfly Conservation News Cheshire and Peak District Branch, letter to the editor

125.  Mendel,H. & Parsons,E. (1987). Observations on the life-history of the Silver-studded Blue, Plebejus argus L.

126.  Goulson, D., Olleron, J. & Sluman, C. (1997). Foraging strategies in the small skipper butterfly, Thymelicus flavus: when to switch? (Animal Behaviour, 1997, 53, 1009-1016)

127.  Corbet, S.A. (2000). Butterfly nectaring flowers: butterfly morphology & flower form (Entomolgia Experimentalia et Applicata 86:289-298)

128.   B.B.C.S. News 86 (2004)

1.      anon

2.      Holt, C.

3.      Vickery, M.L.

129. Walls, L.  (2003). Observations from a butterfly garden in Cirencester, Gloucesershire, England (Website: www.butterflygarden.co.uk)

130. Greenall, P. (personal observation)

131. Shaw, B.T. (personal observation)

132. North, M. (personal observation)

133. Blears, A.R. (personal observation)

134. Jeffcoate, S. (2004) Wood White Nectaring in Surrey – 2004 (unpublished notes)

135. Shaw, Barry T. (2003). Cheshire Butterfly Report 2004

136. Loram, A. (personal observation)

137. Shreeve, T.G. (personal observation)

138. Greatorex-Davies, J.N. (personal observation)

139. Frost, H.M. (2005). The Butterflies of Yorkshire

140. Rafe, R.W. & Jefferson, R.G. (1983). The status of Melanargia galathea  (Lepidoptera: Satyridae) on the Yorkshire Wolds. Naturalist 108: 3-7

141. Greenfield, Nicholas (personal observation, via R.S.Greenwood)

142. Mitchell, B. (1991). Purple Hairstreak, Quercusia quercus, nectaring on Snowberry, Symphoricarpos sp. In north Warwickshire. Ent. Rec. 104:8

143. Burrows, D.S. (2005). A very special butterfly. Atropos 26: 50-51

144. Burrows, D.S. (1992). An aggregation of Pieris napi L. Ent. Rec. J. Var., 104: 288

145. Whitehead, P.F., 1996. The 1996 immigration of Cynthia cardui (Linnaeus) (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) in the English south Midlands. Ent. Gaz. 47: 226

146. Mendel, H. 1995. It was migration – the exceptional abundance of the Large White butterfly Pieris brassicae (L.) in 1992. Ent. Rec. J. Var., 107: 293

147. Turley, R. in Tunmore, M., 1996. The 1995 Camberwell Beauty Nymphalis antiopa (L.) influx. Atropos 1: 2 & plate 3

148. Holloway, J., 1998. Geranium Bronze Cacyreus marshalli Butl. Atropos 4: 3

149. Tunmore, M., 1998. The 1997 Small Tortoiseshell Aglais urticae (Linn.) influx. Atropos 4: 6

150. Warne, B., 1998. Overwintering Red Admirals Vanessa atalanta (Linn.) on the Isle of Wight 1997-1998. Atropos 5: 17

151. McNeill, D., 1998. Use of annual foodplants by Brown Argus Aricia agestis. Atropos 5: 67

152. Sharpe, K. in Tunmore, M., 1999. Winter butterfly and moth records. Atropos 5: 67

153. Skelton, M.J., 1999. Overwintering behaviour of Red Admiral Vanessa atalanta. Atropos 7: 59

154. Skelton, M.J., 1999. Successful overwintering by Clouded Yellow Colias croceus in southern England. Atropos 8: 3 & plate 1

155. Bailey, G., 2000. Second generation of Heath Fritillary Melitaea athalia (Rott.) in south Essex. Atropos 9: 25

156. Howard, R. in Tunmore, M., 2000. The 1999 Monarch Danaus plexippus (Linn.) influx into the British Isles. Atropos 9: 4 & plate 4, fig. 6

157. Slaughter, L. in Tunmore, M., 2000. The 1999 Monarch Danaus plexippus (Linn.) influx into the British Isles. Atropos 9: 4 & plate 4, fig. 7

158. Nutkins, P., 2000. Large Copper Lycaena dispar batavus. Atropos 11: 53

159. Champion, R., 2001. Clouded Yellow Colias croceus (Geoff.) f. helice Hb. Sussex 25 August 2000. Atropos 13: plate 8

160. Skelton, M.J., 2001. A year in the life of a Clouded Yellow Colias croceus (Geoff.) colony: further evidence of overwintering. Atropos 14: 18

161. Tunmore, M, 2002. Long-tailed Blue Lampides boeticus on the Lizard and further records during 2001. Atropos 15: 77

162. Hill, L., 2002. Pathological Small Copper Lycaena phlaeas on the Lizard peninsula. Atropos 15: 79

163. Slaughter, L., 2002. Brimstone Gonepteryx rhamni (Linn.), Pontsmill, Cornwall, April 1995. Atropos 15: plate 6

164. Bowman, N. in Fairless, T.W., 2003. Observations of Swallowtail Papilio machaon in Norfolk. Atropos 20: 56

165. Headon, J., 2004. American Painted Lady Vanessa virginiensis (Drury) on St. Mary’s, Isles of Scilly, October 2003. Atropos 23: 18

166. Paull, D.E., 2004. The Magic of Monarchs. Atropos 23: 59

167. Cox, J.R., 2005. Scarce Swallowtail in Dorset. Atropos 24: 23

168. Burrows, D., 2005. A very special butterfly. Atropos 26: 50

169. Porter, J., 2005. Possible overwintering by Clouded Yellow Colias croceus. Atropos 26: 55

170. Leverton, J., 1999. The macrolepidoptera of Banffshire: 2nd supplement. Ent. Rec. J. Var., 111: 1

171. Gardiner, B.O.C., 1999. The 1998 season in my Cambridge garden. Ent. Rec. J. Var., 111: 136

172. Ellis, H.A., 1999. The Small Skipper Thymelicus sylvestris Poda (Lep.: Hesperiidae) in north-east England: history and current status. Ent. Rec. J. Var., 111: 223

173. Ellis, H.A., 1999. Return of the Comma Polygonia c-album L. (Lep.: Nymphalidae) to Nothumberland: historical review and current status. Ent. Rec. J. Var., 111: 227

174. Owen, J.A., 2000. A winter weekend in Epsom for a Red Admiral Vanessa atalanta (L.)(Lep.: Nymphalidae). Ent. Rec. J. Var., 112: 214

175. Knill-Jones, S., 2002. A comparative study of early butterflies and moths in the Isle of Wight during 1997 and 2002. Ent. Rec. J. Var., 114: 155

176. Pye, M., Gardiner, T. & Field, R., 2003. A behavioural study of Small Skipper Thymelicus sylvestris Poda and Essex Skipper Thymelicus lineola Ochs. Butterflies (Lep.: Hesperiidae). Ent. Rec. J. Var., 115: 1-12

177. Gardiner, B.O.C., 2003. A brief note on Cambridge butterflies January to 15 August 2002. Ent. Rec. J. Var., 115: 26

178. Knill-Jones, S., 2003. Notes of interest on Butterflies in the Isle of Wight during 2002. Ent. Rec. J. Var., 115: 41

179. Hulme, D.C., 2003. Early butterfly dates in the Scottish Highlands in 2003. Ent. Rec. J. Var., 115: 228

180. McLeod, L., 2003. Vanessids in 2003. Ent. Rec. J. Var., 115: 288

181. O’Sullivan, M., 2004. The Burren – a brief summary of its butterflies in 2003. Ent. Rec. J. Var., 116: 124

182. Fox, R., 2005. The editor invited Butterfly Conservation to comment on the above article [Observations of butterflies in remote parts of the Scottish Highlands] and their response is reproduced below. Ent. Rec. J. Var., 117: 127

183. Dennis, R.L.H., 2005. Alternative to a nectar source for a thirsty Speckled Wood Parage aegeria L. (Lep.: Nymphalidae, Satyrinae). Ent. Rec. J. Var., 117: 150

184. “Liz”, 2006, via UKLeps Yahoo group e-mail

185. “Susie”, 2006, via UKLeps Yahoo group e-mail

186. Lane, Roger., 2006/7, via UKLeps Yahoo group e-mail

187. Stace, C.A. in Beavis, I.C., 1995. The Butterflies of Tunbridge Wells and District. Tunbridge Wells Museum and Art Gallery

188. “Victoria”, 2006, via UKLeps Yahoo group e-mail

189. Hull, Malcolm, 2006, via UKLeps Yahoo group e-mail

190. Catt, M., 2006, via UKLeps Yahoo group e-mail

191. Rippey, I., 2006, via UKLeps Yahoo group e-mail

192. John, E., 2006/7. Personal communication

193. Bebbington, J., 2006, via MigrantRecordersNetwork Yahoo group e-mail

194. Douglas-Green, Richard, 2006, via UKLeps Yahoo group e-mail

195. Sharpe, Clifford, 2006, Butterfly Conservation Northern Ireland website

196. Johnson, Paul, 2006, via UKLeps Yahoo group e-mail

197. Horton, Andrew, 2006, via UKLeps Yahoo group e-mail

198. “Insect News”, 2006, via Bowler, Colin, via UKLeps Yahoo group e-mail

199. Holloway, John, 2006, via UKLeps Yahoo group e-mail

200. Bamford, Colin, 2006, via UKLeps Yahoo group e-mail

201. Masters, Peter, 2006, via UKLeps Yahoo group e-mail

202. Weir, Dennis, 2006, personal communication

203. Tolhurst, Kevin, 2006/7, via UKLeps Yahoo group e-mail

204. Jackson, Duncan, 2006, via UKLeps Yahoo group e-mail

205. Morris, Anthony, 2006, via UKLeps Yahoo group e-mail

206. Eiles, Christopher, 2006, via UKLeps Yahoo group e-mail

207. Owen, David, 2006, via UKLeps Yahoo group e-mail

208. Deans, Matthew, 2006, via UKLeps Yahoo group e-mail

209. Truscott, Leon, 2006, via UKLeps Yahoo group e-mail

210. Jones, Maurice, 2005. White-winged Black Tern feeding on butterflies. British Birds 98:47

211. Gillam, Beatrice 1998 Ent. Rec. 110: 133 - 134. White-letter Hairstreeak Strimonidia [sic] w-album (Knoch) ovipositing sites

212. Bissitt, Andrew (personal observation)

213. Jackson, Duncan, 2007,  via UKLeps Yahoo group e-mail

214. Green, D. & Wall, M., 2007. Butterfly Conservation Hampshire & Isle of Wight Butterfly & Moth Report 2006

215. Waddington, P., via Greenwood, R.S., personal observation

216. Sagar, J., via Greenwood, R.S., personal observation

217. Hardy, Lirio, personal observation

218. Tremewan, W.G., 2009. Polygonia c-album (Linnaeus, 1758) (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) nectaring at the flowers of Fraxinus excelsior L. Ent. Gaz.

 

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