Polygonia c-album

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COMMA <i>Polygonia c-album</i>

COMMA Polygonia c-album

HOSTPLANTS

Plant speciesVernacularPlant familyStatusReferences
Ulmus glabraWych ElmUlmaceaeMainA6, B5, D2, F3, F9, G7
Ulmus proceraEnglish ElmUlmaceaeMainA6, D2, S8
Urtica dioicaCommon NettleUrticaceaeMainA3, A5, A6, B4, B5, B10, C8, C16, C17, D2, D9, E23, F2, F3, F8, F9, G5, G6, G7, H3, H18, H20, M4, P5, P6, P9, R5, R7, S1, S7, S8, S11, S17, S19, T2, T5, T9, W9, W12, W13
Ulmus sppElm (unspecified)UlmaceaeSecondaryA3, B4, C8, C16, C17, E23, F3, F8, G5, G6, H18, H20, M4, P5, R5, R7, S1, S7, S17, S19, T2, T9, W12, W13
Humulus lupulusHopCannabaceaeSecondaryA3, A5, A6, B4, B5, B9, C8, C17, D2, E23, F3, F8, G5, G6, G7, H3, H18, H24, M4, P5, P6, P9, R5, R7, S1, S7, S8, S17, S19, T2, T5, T9, W12, W13
Salix capreaGoat Willow (Sallow)SalicaceaeSecondaryA6, G7
Salix sppWillow (unspecified)SalicaceaeSecondaryA3, B4, C8, E23, F3, P5
Ribes nigrumBlack CurrantGrossulariaceaeSecondaryA6, C8, D2, S7, S8
Ribes rubrumRed CurrantGrossulariaceaeSecondaryA6, C8, D2, S7, S8
Ribes sppCurrant (unspecified)GrossulariaceaeSecondaryA3, B4, C17, E23, G5, S1, T2, T5, W12
Ribes uva-crispaGooseberryGrossulariaceaeSecondaryA6, C8, C17, G5, S7, S8, S19
Corylus avellanaHazelBetulaceaeIn captivity onlyA6
[Hostplant references]

NECTAR SOURCES

Plant speciesVernacularPlant familyNo. recordsReferences
Buddleja davidiiButterfly-bush (Buddleia)Buddlejaceae5281, 2, 4, 6, 7, 12, 14, 18, 22, 28, 34, 36, 44, 47.04, 51.06, 58.01, 61.01, 73.02, 97, 97.1, 106, 108, 109, 113, 115, 129, 173, 197
Aster x salignusCommon Michaelmas-daisyAsteraceae1151, 4, 12, 18
Sedum spectabileButterfly Stonecrop (Iceplant)Crassulaceae1081, 4, 6, 34, 58.01, 97.1, 109, 127, 129
Aster novi-belgiiConfused Michaelmas-daisyAsteraceae851, 20, 34, 97.1, 105, 108, 109, 112, 115, 129
Rubus fruticosus agg.BrambleRosaceae821, 4, 21, 35, 36, 39, 48.01, 56.07, 63.04, 87.08, 97.1, 109, 112, 115, 129
Cirsium arvenseCreeping ThistleAsteraceae421, 2, 139, 211
Hedera helixIvyAraliaceae301, 18, 39, 97, 97.1, 115, 197, 199, 208
Rubus fruticosus agg.FRUITBramble (fruit) (Blackberry)Rosaceae231, 6, 37, 40, 60.03, 117, 129, 173
Centranthus ruberRed ValerianValerianaceae2397.1
Hebe x franciscanaHedge VeronicaScrophulariaceae1997.1, 98
Salix capreaGoat Willow (Sallow)Salicaceae1831, 139, 150, 203
Origanum vulgareWild MarjoramLamiaceae1797.1
Callistephus chinensisChina AsterAsteraceae1597, 97.1
Calluna vulgarisHeatherEricaceae14119, 124, 133
Dipsacus fullonumWild TeaselDipsacaceae1497.1
Eupatorium cannabinumHemp-agrimonyAsteraceae141, 7, 36, 97.1, 115
Ligustrum ovalifoliumGarden PrivetOleaceae141, 97, 97.1
Buddleja x weyerianaWeyer's Butterfly-bushBuddlejaceae131, 129
Cirsium sp.Thistle (unspecified)Asteraceae1336, 37, 39, 97.1, 119
Lavandula x intermediaGarden LavenderLamiaceae1297.1, 129
Scabiosa sp.Scabious (unspecified)Dipsacaceae1244, 97.1
Spiraea sp.Spiraea (unspecified)Rosaceae1197.1
Mentha aquaticaWater MintLamiaceae101
Malus domestica FRUITApple (fruit)Rosaceae914, 56.01, 65.03, 97.1, 106, 112, 115, 117
Mentha sp.Mint (unspecified)Lamiaceae997.1, 109
Taraxacum sp.DandelionAsteraceae91, 2, 88.04, 173
Aubrieta deltoideaAubretiaBrassicaceae897.1
Leucanthemum vulgareOxeye DaisyAsteraceae897.1
Phaseolus coccineusRunner BeanFabaceae797.1
Leucanthemum x superbumShasta DaisyAsteraceae797.1, 127
Iberis umbellataGarden CandytuftBrassicaceae697.1
Verbena x hybrida VerbenaVerbenaceae697.1
Viburnum sp.Viburnum (unspecified)Caprifoliaceae697.1
Dahlia pinnataDahliaAsteraceae697.1
Senecio jacobaeaCommon RagwortAsteraceae61
Tagetes patulaFrench MarigoldAsteraceae697, 97.1
Erysimum cheiriWallflowerBrassicaceae54, 97.1
Escallonia bifidaWhite EscalloniaGrossulariaceae597.1
Prunus domestica FRUITPlum (fruit)Rosaceae537, 60.04, 61.04, 105, 129
Chamerion angustifoliumRosebay WillowherbOnagraceae51
Scabiosa columbariaSmall ScabiousDipsacaceae56
Tagetes erectaAfrican MarigoldAsteraceae51, 97.1
Salix cinereaGrey Willow (Sallow)Salicaceae41, 4, 173
Hesperis matronalisDame's-violet (Sweet Rocket)Brassicaceae497.1
Primula vulgarisPrimrosePrimulaceae497.1
Verbena bonariensisArgentinian VervainVerbenaceae41, 97, 129
Achillea millefoliumYarrowAsteraceae497.1
Helichrysum bracteatumEverlastingflowerAsteraceae497.1
-(ground/mud/road surface)-41
Cardamine pratensisCuckooflowerBrassicaceae34
Ceanothus x delileanusCeanothusRhamnaceae397.1
Phlox drummondiiPhloxPolemoniaceae397.1
Tanacetum partheniumFeverfewAsteraceae397.1
Muscari sp.Grape-hyacinth (unspecified)Liliaceae3129
-(honey-dew)-31, 114
Ranunculus ficariaLesser CelandineRanunculaceae21, 173
Viola x wittrockianaGarden PansyViolaceae297.1
Potentilla sp.Cinquefoil (unspecified)Rosaceae297.1
Ilex aquifoliumHollyAquifoliaceae297.1
Nepeta x faasseniiGarden Cat-mintLamiaceae297.1
Lobelia sp.Lobelia (unspeified)Campanulaceae297.1
Argyranthemum frutescensMargueriteAsteraceae297.1
Bellis perennisDaisyAsteraceae297.1
Centaurea sp.Knapweed (unspecified)Asteraceae236, 39
Solidago canadensisCanadian GoldenrodAsteraceae297.1
-(tree sap)-246.04, 114
Dianthus barbatusSweet-WilliamCaryophyllaceae197.1
Limonium vulgareCommon Sea-lavenderPlumbaginaceae197.1
Psylliostachys suworowiiStaticePlumbaginaceae197.1
Viola odorata Sweet VioletViolaceae1197
Brassica oleracea var.botrytisCauliflower/BroccoliBrassicaceae197.1
Calluna sp.Heather (unspecified)Ericaceae169.01
Erica sp.Heath (unspecified)Ericaceae197
Lysimachia ephemerumLoosestrifePrimulaceae197.1
Hydrangea macrophyllaHydrangeaHydrangaceae197.1
Ribes uva-crispaGooseberryGrossulariaceae197.1
Astilbe sp.False-buck's-beardSaxifragaceae197.1
Malus domesticaAppleRosaceae197.1
Prunus aviumWild CherryRosaceae127
Prunus padusBird CherryRosaceae11
Prunus spinosaBlackthornRosaceae160.03
Pyrus communis FRUITPear (fruit)Rosaceae1105
Rubus idaeus FRUITRaspberry (fruit)Rosaceae1129
Spiraea x billardiiBillard's BridewortRosaceae1122
Lathyrus odoratusSweet PeaFabaceae197.1
Epilobium hirsutumGreat WillowherbOnagraceae11
Impatiens walleranaBusy LizzieBalsaminaceae11
Angelica sylvestrisWild AngelicaApiaceae11
Anthriscus sylvestrisCow ParsleyApiaceae15
Heliotropium arborescensHeliotropeBoraginaceae144
Rosmarinus officinalisRosemaryLamiaceae197.1
Buddleja fallowianaButterfly-bushBuddlejaceae166.01
Hebe sp.Hebe (unspecified)Scrophulariaceae1129, 207
Veronica sp.Speedwell (unspecified)Scrophulariaceae16
Campanula sp.Bellflower (unspecified)Campanulaceae197.1
Cynara cardunculusGlobe ArtichokeCampanulaceae197.1
Sambucus nigra FRUITElderberry (fruit)Caprifoliaceae140
Succisa pratensisDevil's-bit ScabiousDipsacaceae1173
Anthemis arvensisCorn ChamomileAsteraceae197.1
Artemisia sp.MugwortAsteraceae197.1
Aster tripoliumSea AsterAsteraceae173.03
Calendula officinalisPot MarigoldAsteraceae1129
Chrysanthemum segetumCorn MarigoldAsteraceae197.1
Echinops sp.Globe-thistle (unspecified)Asteraceae11
Helenium autumnaleSneezeweedAsteraceae197.1
Helianthus annuusSunflowerAsteraceae197.1
Liatris spicata Blazing StarAsteraceae197.1
Ligularia dentataLeopardplantAsteraceae197.1
Pulicaria dysentericaCommon FleabaneAsteraceae11
Rudbeckia sp.Coneflower (unspecified)Asteraceae197.1
Sonchus asperPrickly Sow-thistleAsteraceae169.01
Tussilago farfaraColt's-footAsteraceae11
Agapanthus praecoxAfrican LilyLiliaceae197.1
Allium schoenoprasumChivesLiliaceae197.1
Hyacinthus orientalisHyacinthLiliaceae1173
Lilium auratumGolden-Rayed LilyLiliaceae197.1
Ribes sanguineumFlowering CurrantGrossulariaceae1122
Crocosmia sp.MontbretiaIridaceae197.1
Asclepias sp.Milkweed (unspecified)Asclepiadaceae197.1
-(dung)-1139
[Nectar references]
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