Inachis io

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PEACOCK <i>Inachis io</i>

PEACOCK Inachis io

HOSTPLANTS

Plant speciesVernacularPlant familyStatusReferences
Urtica dioicaCommon NettleUrticaceaeMainA3, A5, A6, B4, B10, B11, C8, C16, C17, D2, D9, E5, E23, F2, F3, F8, F9, G5, G6, G7, H2, H3, H18, H20, H24, M4, P5, P6, P9, R5, R7, S1, S7, S8, S11, S16, S17, S19, T2, T5, T9, W9, W12, W13
Humulus lupulusHopCannabaceaeSecondaryA3, A6, C8, E5, P5, P9, S7, S8, S19, T2, W12
Urtica urensSmall NettleUrticaceaeSecondaryA3, W12
[Hostplant references]

NECTAR SOURCES

Plant speciesVernacularPlant familyNo. recordsReferences
Buddleja davidiiButterfly-bush (Buddleia)Buddlejaceae11171, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 10, 12, 21, 25, 28, 30, 32, 34, 44, 47.04, 56.07, 57.02, 58.01, 61.01, 61.04, 62.05, 62.07, 63.05, 64.05, 73.01, 74.02, 87.02, 89.02, 97, 97.1, 103, 104, 106, 107, 108, 109, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, 118, 129
Dipsacus fullonumWild TeaselDipsacaceae4731, 20, 30, 31, 37, 39, 40, 97, 97.1, 112, 117, 118
Cirsium arvenseCreeping ThistleAsteraceae1941, 4, 5, 65.01, 108, 211
Pulicaria dysentericaCommon FleabaneAsteraceae19139, 96
Taraxacum sp.DandelionAsteraceae1621, 2, 4, 5, 6, 30, 39, 97, 97.1, 119, 122
Sedum spectabileButterfly Stonecrop (Iceplant)Crassulaceae1131, 4, 33, 34, 58.01, 97.1, 114, 115, 118, 129
Eupatorium cannabinumHemp-agrimonyAsteraceae831, 3, 7, 19, 30, 32, 39, 97.1, 108, 112, 115, 117, 118
Aster novi-belgiiConfused Michaelmas-daisyAsteraceae8125, 33, 34, 37, 97.1, 112, 113, 114, 115, 118
Centaurea sp.Knapweed (unspecified)Asteraceae7714
Aubrieta deltoideaAubretiaBrassicaceae4797.1, 129
Centranthus ruberRed ValerianValerianaceae4597.1
Scabiosa sp.Scabious (unspecified)Dipsacaceae4344, 97.1
Centaurea nigraCommon KnapweedAsteraceae411, 2, 4, 6, 114, 127, 131
Hebe x franciscanaHedge VeronicaScrophulariaceae381, 97.1
Origanum vulgareWild MarjoramLamiaceae3339, 64.03, 971, 109
Senecio jacobaeaCommon RagwortAsteraceae321, 4, 3, 104
Tagetes patulaFrench MarigoldAsteraceae3097, 97.1, 129, 206
Cirsium sp.Thistle (unspecified)Asteraceae2814, 30, 35, 36, 37, 39, 40, 97.1, 104, 107, 109, 115, 117, 119
Tagetes erectaAfrican MarigoldAsteraceae242, 97.1
Phlox drummondiiPhloxPolemoniaceae2397.1
Dahlia pinnataDahliaAsteraceae2244
Iberis umbellataGarden CandytuftBrassicaceae2197.1
Primula vulgarisPrimrosePrimulaceae2097.1, 117, 179
Lavandula x intermediaGarden LavenderLamiaceae2097.1
Mentha sp.Mint (unspecified)Lamiaceae1997.1
Erysimum cheiriWallflowerBrassicaceae184, 60.01, 97, 97.1
Calendula officinalisPot MarigoldAsteraceae1897.1
Helichrysum bracteatumEverlastingflowerAsteraceae1897.1
Solidago canadensisCanadian GoldenrodAsteraceae181, 97.1
Aster x salignusCommon Michaelmas-daisyAsteraceae181, 4, 216
Rubus fruticosus agg.BrambleRosaceae171, 4, 21, 97.1, 115
Ligustrum ovalifoliumGarden PrivetOleaceae171, 57.02, 97.1
Calluna vulgarisHeatherEricaceae1630
Lobelia sp.Lobelia (unspeified)Campanulaceae1597.1
Lobularia maritimaSweet AlisonBrassicaceae1297.1
Myosotis sp.Forget-me-not (unspecified)Boraginaceae1297.1, 129
Senecio sp.Ragwort (unspecified)Asteraceae1194.03
Viola x wittrockianaGarden PansyViolaceae1097.1
Lythrum salicariaPurple-loosestrifeLythraceae997.1
Muscari sp.Grape-hyacinth (unspecified)Liliaceae997, 97.1, 129
Prunus sp.Cherry (unspecified)Rosaceae81, 34, 97.1
Thymus polytrichusWild ThymeLamiaceae897.1
Salix cinereaGrey Willow (Sallow)Salicaceae71, 4, 70.01
Lunaria annuaHonestyBrassicaceae72, 79.05, 97.1
Verbena x hybrida VerbenaVerbenaceae797.1
Nepeta x faasseniiGarden Cat-mintLamiaceae797.1
Inula sp.Fleabane (unspecified)Asteraceae797.1
Leucanthemum x superbumShasta DaisyAsteraceae797.1
Trifolium pratenseRed CloverFabaceae71
Dianthus barbatusSweet-WilliamCaryophyllaceae693.01, 97.1
Arabis caucasicaGarden ArabisBrassicaceae697.1
Lychnis sp.Catchfly (unspecified)Caryophyllaceae597.1
Trifolium sp.Clover (unspecified)Fabaceae529, 36, 97.1, 109
Hedera helixIvyAraliaceae5199, 200, 201, 205, 208
Verbena bonariensisArgentinian VervainVerbenaceae597, 129
Mentha aquaticaWater MintLamiaceae51, 39, 129
Buddleja x weyerianaWeyer's Butterfly-bushBuddlejaceae51 ,64.01, 129
Coreopsis tinctoria TickseedAsteraceae597.1
Prunus spinosaBlackthornRosaceae51, 60.05, 79.05, 192
Knautia arvensisField ScabiousDipsacaceae435, 36, 108, 118
Succisa pratensisDevil's-bit ScabiousDipsacaceae41, 4, 35, 39
Ceratostigma willmottianumChinese-plumbagoPlumbaginaceae397.1
Lavatera sp.Tree-mallowMalvaceae397.1
Viola odorata Sweet VioletViolaceae379.05, 197
Hesperis matronalisDame's-violet (Sweet Rocket)Brassicaceae31, 97.1
Fragaria x ananassa Garden StrawberryRosaceae397.1
Phaseolus coccineusRunner BeanFabaceae397.1
Bellis perennisDaisyAsteraceae397.1
Echinops sp.Globe-thistle (unspecified)Asteraceae397, 97.1
Hieracium sp.HawkweedAsteraceae31, 39
Rudbeckia sp.Coneflower (unspecified)Asteraceae397.1
Chionodoxa forbesii Glory-of-the-snowLiliaceae397.1
Crocus sp.Crocus (unspecified)Iridaceae34, 97.1
Ranunculus acrisMeadow ButtercupRanunculaceae21
Ranunculus ficariaLesser CelandineRanunculaceae21
Lychnis coronariaRose CampionCaryophyllaceae21, 66.05
Psylliostachys suworowiiStaticePlumbaginaceae297.1
Salix sp.Willow (unspecified)Salicaceae230, 117
Bergenia crassifoliaElephant-earsSaxifragaceae297.1
Malus domesticaAppleRosaceae297.1
Medicago sativaLucerneFabaceae21, 109
Daphne odoraWinter DaphneThymelaeaceae255.01, 79.05
Ceanothus x delileanusCeanothusRhamnaceae297.1
Skimmia japonica Japanese SkimmiaRutaceae21, 129
Heracleum sphondyliumHogweedApiaceae21
Petunia x hybridaPetuniaSolanaceae21, 97.1
Heliotropium arborescensHeliotropeBoraginaceae244, 129
Hyssopus officinalisHyssopLamiaceae297.1
Anaphalis margaritaceaPearly EverlastingAsteraceae297.1
Cirsium palustreMarsh ThistleAsteraceae21
Cirsium vulgareSpear ThistleAsteraceae21, 21
Cosmos bipinnatus Mexican AsterAsteraceae297.1
Helenium autumnaleSneezeweedAsteraceae297.1
Hyacinthoides hispanicaSpanish BluebellLiliaceae279.05
Hyacinthoides non-scriptaBluebell Liliaceae21, 39
Ilex aquifoliumHollyAquifoliaceae24, 97.1
Prunus laurocerasusCherry LaurelRosaceae21, 122
Salix capreaGoat Willow (Sallow)Salicaceae2203
Silene dioicaRed CampionCaryophyllaceae2186
Cimicifuga simplexBugbaneRanunculaceae1129
Consolida ajacisLarkspurRanunculaceae197.1
Dianthus sp.Pink (unspecified)Caryophyllaceae197.1
Fallopia baldschuanicaRussian-vinePolygonaceae11
Plumbago sp.(none)Plumbaginaceae197.1
Viola sp.Violet (unspecified)Violaceae197.1
Alliaria petiolataGarlic MustardBrassicaceae12
Cardamine pratensisCuckooflowerBrassicaceae139
Matthiola incanaHoary StockBrassicaceae197.1
Erica sp.Heath (unspecified)Ericaceae179.05
Pieris japonicaJapanese PierisEricaceae11
Hydrangea macrophyllaHydrangeaHydrangaceae197, 97.1
Astilbe sp.False-buck's-beardSaxifragaceae197.1
Crataegus monogynaHawthornRosaceae11
Malus domestica FRUITApple (fruit)Rosaceae1106
Prunus domesticaPlumRosaceae197.1
Rubus fruticosus agg.FRUITBramble (fruit) (Blackberry)Rosaceae179.05
Lathyrus latifoliusBroad-leaved Everlasting-peaFabaceae197.1
Lathyrus odoratusSweet PeaFabaceae197.1
Ulex europaeusGorseFabaceae11
Cornus sanguineaDogwoodCornaceae11
Tropaeolum majusNasturtiumTropaeolaceae197.1
(not given)"white Umbellifer"Apiaceae1119
Anthriscus sylvestrisCow ParsleyApiaceae11
Eryngium planumBlue EryngoApiaceae197.1
Gilia capitata Globe GiliaPolemoniaceae197.1
Lantana camaraLantanaVerbenaceae197.1
Glechoma hederaceaGround-ivyLamiaceae1119
Monarda didymaBergamotLamiaceae197.1
Stachys officinalisBetonyLamiaceae139
Syringa vulgarisLilacOleaceae197.1
Linaria sp.Toadflax (unspecified)Scrophulariaceae197.1
Veronica sp.Speedwell (unspecified)Scrophulariaceae197.1
Veronica spicataSpiked SpeedwellScrophulariaceae197.1
Scabiosa columbariaSmall ScabiousDipsacaceae16
(not given)"other yellow Composite"Asteraceae1119
Achillea millefoliumYarrowAsteraceae139
Arctium lappaGreater BurdockAsteraceae11
Argyranthemum frutescensMargueriteAsteraceae197
Aster tripoliumSea AsterAsteraceae173.03
Brachyscome iberidifoliaSwan River DaisyAsteraceae197.1
Centaurea cyanusCornflowerAsteraceae197.1
Chrysanthemum segetumCorn MarigoldAsteraceae197.1
Dendranthema sp.Florist's ChrysanthemumAsteraceae197.1
Doronicum sp.Leopard's-baneAsteraceae197.1
Echinacea purpureaPurple ConeflowerAsteraceae197, 97.1
Gaillardia x grandifloraBlanketflowerAsteraceae197.1
Helichrysum sp.Everlastingflower (unspecified)Asteraceae171.02
Hypochaeris radicataCat's-earAsteraceae197.1
Leontodon saxatilisLesser HawkbitAsteraceae1104
Leucanthemum vulgareOxeye DaisyAsteraceae197.1
Liatris spicata Blazing StarAsteraceae197.1
Ligularia dentataLeopardplantAsteraceae197.1
Tithonia rotundifoliaMexican SunflowerAsteraceae171.06
Tussilago farfaraColt's-footAsteraceae11
Hyacinthus orientalisHyacinthLiliaceae197
Laurelia sempervirensChilean LaurelAtherospermataceae197.1
Bergenia cordifoliaSiberian Elephant-earsSaxifragaceae1186
Ribes sanguineumFlowerin CurrantGrossulariaceae1122
-(honey-dew/sap)-139
-(tree sap)-146.04
[Nectar references]
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