Pieris rapae

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SMALL WHITE <i>Pieris rapae</i>

SMALL WHITE Pieris rapae

HOSTPLANTS

Plant speciesVernacularPlant familyStatusReferences
Brassica oleraceaCabbage (including Wild Cabbage)BrassicaceaeMainA3, A5, A6, B4, B10, B11, C8, C17, D2, E8, F3, G5, G6, G7, H18, H24, P5, P6, R5, S8, S19, T2, T9, w9, W12, W13
Brassica sppCabbage (unspecified)BrassicaceaeMainA5, C16, M4, R7, S1, S11, S17
Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticumWater-cressBrassicaceaeMainA6, B5, C8, S8
Alliaria petiolataGarlic MustardBrassicaceaeSecondaryA3, B11, C8, D2, E8, F3, F8, G6, G7, H3, P5, S1, S8, S17, T2, W12
Barbarea vulgarisWinter-cressBrassicaceaeSecondaryG7
Brassica nigraBlack MustardBrassicaceaeSecondaryC17
Cardamine hirsuta Hairy Bitter-cressBrassicaceaeSecondaryW4
Coronopus squamosusSwine-cressBrassicaceaeSecondaryC17
Sinapis arvensisCharlockBrassicaceaeSecondaryA3, C8, E8, F3, F8, P5, S8, T2, W12
Sisymbrium officinaleHedge MustardBrassicaceaeSecondaryA3, A6, C8, C17, D2, R1, R2, S1, S17, W2
Reseda luteaWild MignonetteResedaceaeSecondaryA3, A6, B4, C8, D2, F2, G5, H3, H24, S1, S7, S8, S19
Reseda luteolaWeldResedaceaeSecondaryA6
Capsella bursa-pastoris Shepherd's-purseBrassicaceaeEgg-laying recordH2
Crambe maritimaSea-kaleBrassicaceaeEgg-laying recordC15, R1, R2
Alyssum saxatileGolden AlisonBrassicaceaeNon-native plantB10
Armoracia rusticana Horse-radishBrassicaceaeNon-native plantC16, S8, W9
Aubrieta deltoideaAubretiaBrassicaceaeNon-native plantB10
Brassica napusRapeBrassicaceaeNon-native plantA6, B11, G7, N1
Brassica rapaTurnipBrassicaceaeNon-native plantA6, S19, W9
Coronopus didymusLesser Swine-cressBrassicaceaeNon-native plantB5
Erysimum cheiriWallflowerBrassicaceaeNon-native plantW12
Lepidium drabaHoary CressBrassicaceaeNon-native plantA3, C8, D2, M4, S1, W2
Raphanus sativusGarden RadishBrassicaceaeNon-native plantA6, S19
Cleome sesquiorygalis SpiderflowerCapparaceaeNon-native plantB8
Reseda odoraraGarden MignonetteResedaceaeNon-native plantM4
Tropaeolum majusNasturtiumTropaeolaceaeNon-native plantA3, B4, B11, C8, C16, D2, D7, E8, F3, G6, G7, H2, H3, H18, M4, S1, S7, S8, S17, S19, T2, T9, W9, W12
Tropaeolum peregrinumCanary-creeperTropaeolaceaeNon-native plantS8
[Hostplant references]

NECTAR SOURCES

Plant speciesVernacularPlant familyNo. recordsReferences
Buddleja davidiiButterfly-bush (Buddleia)Buddlejaceae6851, 2, 4, 6, 7, 44, 58.01, 61.01, 97, 97.1, 127, 129, 197
Lavandula x intermediaGarden LavenderLamiaceae2991, 2, 4, 6, 31, 44, 58.01, 97, 97.1, 129
Armoracia rusticanaHorseradishBrassicaceae941, 2, 6, 34, 44, 58.01, 97, 97.1
Cirsium arvenseCreeping ThistleAsteraceae941, 2, 4, 117
Rubus fruticosus agg.BrambleRosaceae911, 2, 4, 97, 97.1, 127
Centranthus ruberRed ValerianValerianaceae851, 97.1, 122
Lobelia sp.Lobelia (unspeified)Campanulaceae8271.02, 97, 97.1, 129
Hesperis matronalisDame's-violet (Sweet Rocket)Brassicaceae731, 97, 97.1, 129
Origanum vulgareWild MarjoramLamiaceae722, 7, 97.1
Aster tripoliumSea AsterAsteraceae70135
Taraxacum sp.DandelionAsteraceae621, 39, 97.1, 104, 113, 122, 139
Scabiosa sp.Scabious (unspecified)Dipsacaceae5897.1
Lunaria annuaHonestyBrassicaceae561, 97.1, 129
Iberis umbellataGarden CandytuftBrassicaceae5497.1, 129
Hebe x franciscanaHedge VeronicaScrophulariaceae541. 97.1
Aster x salignusCommon Michaelmas-daisyAsteraceae541, 4
Aster novi-belgiiConfused Michaelmas-daisyAsteraceae4797, 97.1, 129
Sedum spectabileButterfly Stonecrop (Iceplant)Crassulaceae431, 97, 97.1, 129, 195
Mentha sp.Mint (unspecified)Lamiaceae3897.1, 119, 129
Senecio jacobaeaCommon RagwortAsteraceae361, 2, 39, 119
Phaseolus coccineusRunner BeanFabaceae3497, 97.1
Erysimum cheiriWallflowerBrassicaceae3260.01, 97, 97.1, 197
Nepeta x faasseniiGarden Cat-mintLamiaceae321, 97, 97.1
Cirsium sp.Thistle (unspecified)Asteraceae3239, 97.1, 104, 113, 119
Epilobium hirsutumGreat WillowherbOnagraceae281
Lythrum salicariaPurple-loosestrifeLythraceae261, 97, 97.1
Hyssopus officinalisHyssopLamiaceae2572.04, 97.1, 129
Fragaria x ananassa Garden StrawberryRosaceae2497.1
Chamerion angustifoliumRosebay WillowherbOnagraceae221
Myosotis sp.Forget-me-not (unspecified)Boraginaceae2297.1, 129
Lobularia maritimaSweet AlisonBrassicaceae2197, 97.1
Centaurea nigraCommon KnapweedAsteraceae211, 4, 119, 127, 139
Tagetes patulaFrench MarigoldAsteraceae211, 97.1, 129
Thymus polytrichusWild ThymeLamiaceae2097.1
(not given)"other yellow Composite"Asteraceae20119
-(dung)-20139
Viola x wittrockianaGarden PansyViolaceae181, 97, 97.1
Ligustrum ovalifoliumGarden PrivetOleaceae181, 97.1
Geranium sp.Crane's-bill (unspecified)Geraniaceae161, 97, 97.1
Callistephus chinensisChina AsterAsteraceae1697.1
Centaurea sp.Knapweed (unspecified)Asteraceae1697.1, 104, 113
Pulicaria dysentericaCommon FleabaneAsteraceae1639, 97.1
Verbena bonariensisArgentinian VervainVerbenaceae151, 129
Eupatorium cannabinumHemp-agrimonyAsteraceae151, 97.1
Alliaria petiolataGarlic MustardBrassicaceae131, 97.1, 119
Brassica oleraceaWild CabbageBrassicaceae131
Primula vulgarisPrimrosePrimulaceae1397.1
Hieracium sp.HawkweedAsteraceae131, 39
Ranunculus acrisMeadow ButtercupRanunculaceae121, 21
Calluna vulgarisHeatherEricaceae1297.1, 119, 133
Cirsium vulgareSpear ThistleAsteraceae121, 108
Tagetes erectaAfrican MarigoldAsteraceae121, 97.1
Vicia fabaBroad BeanFabaceae1197.1
Tropaeolum majusNasturtiumTropaeolaceae1197, 97.1
Verbena x hybrida VerbenaVerbenaceae1197.1
Dianthus barbatusSweet-WilliamCaryophyllaceae1097.1
Phlox drummondiiPhloxPolemoniaceae1097.1
Heliotropium arborescensHeliotropeBoraginaceae944, 97.1
Dipsacus fullonumWild TeaselDipsacaceae997.1
Dahlia pinnataDahliaAsteraceae997.1
Epilobium montanumBroad-leaved WillowherbOnagraceae91
Lavatera sp.Tree-mallowMalvaceae897.1
Cardamine pratensisCuckooflowerBrassicaceae81, 6
Sonchus arvensisPerennial Sow-thistleAsteraceae81
Trifolium pratenseRed CloverFabaceae81, 39
Helianthemum sp.Rock-rose (unspecified)Cistaceae797.1
Bellis perennisDaisyAsteraceae71, 39, 97.1
Helichrysum bracteatumEverlastingflowerAsteraceae797.1, 129
Senecio squalidusOxford RagwortAsteraceae71
Silene dioicaRed CampionCaryophyllaceae61, 39, 97.1
Raphanus sativusGarden RadishBrassicaceae61, 97.1, 127
Rosmarinus officinalisRosemaryLamiaceae697.1
Solidago canadensisCanadian GoldenrodAsteraceae697.1
Tanacetum partheniumFeverfewAsteraceae697.1
Geranium robertianumHerb-RobertGeraniaceae61
Brassica napusRapeBrassicaceae52
Matthiola incanaHoary StockBrassicaceae51, 97.1
Raphanus raphanistrumWild RadishBrassicaceae51
Escallonia bifidaWhite EscalloniaGrossulariaceae597.1
Trifolium repensWhite CloverFabaceae51, 119
Pelargonium x hybridumGeraniumGeraniaceae597.1
Linaria sp.Toadflax (unspecified)Scrophulariaceae597, 97.1
Viburnum sp.Viburnum (unspecified)Caprifoliaceae597.1
Scabiosa columbariaSmall ScabiousDipsacaceae51, 2, 6
Centaurea cyanusCornflowerAsteraceae51, 97, 97.1
Echinops sp.Globe-thistle (unspecified)Asteraceae597.1
Leucanthemum vulgareOxeye DaisyAsteraceae51, 97.1
Sonchus oleraceusSmooth Sow-thistleAsteraceae51
-(ground/mud/road surface)-51, 117
Medicago sativaLucerneFabaceae41, 97.1
Calystegia silvaticaLarge BindweedConvolvulaceae41
Anchusa azureaGarden AnchusaBoraginaceae497.1
Caryopteris x clandonensis Blue Mist Shrub/BluebeardVerbenaceae497.1
(not given)"red Labiate"Lamiaceae4119
Cichorium intybusChicoryAsteraceae41, 97.1
Inula conyzaePloughman's-spikenardAsteraceae4139
Tripleurospermum inodorumScentless MayweedAsteraceae41
Leontodon hispidusRough HawkbitAsteraceae41, 117
Allium schoenoprasumChivesLiliaceae497.1, 129
Viola sp.Violet (unspecified)Violaceae397.1
Lotus corniculatusCommon Bird's-foot-trefoilFabaceae31, 39, 119
Ceanothus x delileanusCeanothusRhamnaceae397.1
Impatiens glanduliferaIndian Balsam (Himalayan Balsam)Balsaminaceae31
Impatiens sp.Balsam (unspecified)Balsaminaceae397.1
Hedera helixIvyAraliaceae31, 2, 97.1
Pentaglottis sempervirensGreen AlkanetBoraginaceae31
Veronica sp.Speedwell (unspecified)Scrophulariaceae397.1
Knautia arvensisField ScabiousDipsacaceae32, 104, 129
Anaphalis margaritaceaPearly EverlastingAsteraceae397.1
Anthemis arvensisCorn ChamomileAsteraceae31, 97.1
Argyranthemum frutescensMargueriteAsteraceae31, 97.1
Coreopsis tinctoria TickseedAsteraceae397.1
Dendranthema sp.Florist's ChrysanthemumAsteraceae397.1
Leontodon saxatilisLesser HawkbitAsteraceae31, 115
Agrostemma githagoCorncockleCaryophyllaceae297.1
Fallopia baldschuanicaRussian-vinePolygonaceae21, 97.1
Persicaria sp.Bistort (unspecified)Polygonaceae297.1
Ceratostigma willmottianumChinese-plumbagoPlumbaginaceae297.1, 129
Limonium sp.Sea-lavender (unspecified)Plumbaginaceae297.1
Brassica rapaTurnipBrassicaceae21
Sisymbrium officinaleHedge MustardBrassicaceae21
Reseda odorataGarden MignonetteResedaceae297.1
Hydrangea macrophyllaHydrangeaHydrangaceae297.1
Crataegus monogynaHawthornRosaceae21
Vicia craccaTufted VetchFabaceae21, 104
Vicia sativaCommon VetchFabaceae21
Convolvulus arvensisField BindweedConvolvulaceae2117, 197
Symphytum officinaleCommon ComfreyBoraginaceae21
Melissa officinalisBalmLamiaceae297, 97.1
Salvia officinalisSage (unspecified)Lamiaceae297.1
Antirrhinum majusSnapdragonScrophulariaceae21, 97.1
Euphrasia sp.EyebrightScrophulariaceae2119
Succisa pratensisDevil's-bit ScabiousDipsacaceae24, 35
Achillea millefoliumYarrowAsteraceae21, 97.1
Arctium lappaGreater BurdockAsteraceae21
Calendula officinalisPot MarigoldAsteraceae21
Chrysanthemum segetumCorn MarigoldAsteraceae21, 97.1
Hypochaeris radicataCat's-earAsteraceae297.1
Inula sp.Fleabane (unspecified)Asteraceae297.1
Senecio sp.Ragwort (unspecified)Asteraceae297, 97.1
Allium sp.Onion (unspecified)Liliaceae297.1
Hyacinthoides non-scriptaBluebell Liliaceae239, 139
Aconitum napellus Monk's-hoodRanunculaceae197.1
Clematis sp.Clematis (unspecified)Ranunculaceae197.1
Nigella damascena Love-in-a-mistRanunculaceae197.1
Beta vulgaris subsp.cicla var.flavescens Swiss ChardChenopodiaceae197.1
Dianthus plumariusPinkCaryophyllaceae11
Dianthus sp.Pink (unspecified)Caryophyllaceae197.1
Lychnis flos-cuculiRagged-RobinCaryophyllaceae139
Saponaria officinalisSoapwortCaryophyllaceae197.1
Stellaria holosteaGreater StitchwortCaryophyllaceae139
Stellaria mediaCommon ChickweedCaryophyllaceae11
Armeria maritimaThriftPlumbaginaceae197.1
Plumbago sp.(none)Plumbaginaceae197.1
Hypericum perforatumPerforate St John's-wortClusiaceae11
Hypericum sp.St John's-wort (unspecified)Clusiaceae197.1
Lavatera thuringiacaGarden Tree-mallowMalvaceae197
Malva sylvestrisCommon MallowMalvaceae11
Viola tricolorWild PansyViolaceae11
Arabis caucasicaGarden ArabisBrassicaceae134
Aubrieta deltoideaAubretiaBrassicaceae12
Brassica oleracea var.botrytisCauliflower/BroccoliBrassicaceae197.1
Iberis amaraWild CandytuftBrassicaceae197
Lepidium sativumGarden CressBrassicaceae197.1
Lunaria annuaHonestyBrassicaceae12
Malcolmia maritimaVirginia StockBrassicaceae1129
Matthiola sp.Stock (unspecified)Brassicaceae11
Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticumWater-cressBrassicaceae11
Clethra alnifolia Sweet pepper-bushClethraceae1129
Lysimachia ephemerumLoosestrifePrimulaceae197.1
Primula verisCowslipPrimulaceae197.1
Philadelphus coronariusMock-orangeHydrangaceae197.1
Escallonia x langleyensisEscalloniaGrossulariaceae11
Ribes sp.Currant (unspecified)Grossulariaceae197.1
Cotoneaster sp.Cotoneaster (unspecified)Rosaceae197
Potentilla fruticosaShrubby CinquefoilRosaceae1123
Prunus sp.Cherry (unspecified)Rosaceae1114
Rosa sp.Rose (unspecified)Rosaceae11
Rubus idaeusRaspberryRosaceae197.1
Rubus loganobaccusLoganberryRosaceae197.1
Lathyrus latifoliusBroad-leaved Everlasting-peaFabaceae197.1
Lathyrus odoratusSweet PeaFabaceae11
Melilotus albus White MelilotFabaceae11
Onobrychis viciifoliaSainfoinFabaceae139
Phaseolus vulgarisFrench BeanFabaceae197.1
Trifolium sp.Clover (unspecified)Fabaceae1117
Euphorbia miliiChristplantEuphorbiaceae197.1
Choisya ternataMexican OrangeRutaceae1129
Eryngium planumBlue EryngoApiaceae197.1
Heracleum sphondyliumHogweedApiaceae11
Nerium oleanderOleanderApocynaceae197.1
Vinca minorLesser PeriwinkleApocynaceae197.1
Nicotiana sp.TobaccoSolanaceae197.1
Solanum tuberosumPotatoSolanaceae11, 97.1
Gilia capitata Globe GiliaPolemoniaceae197.1
Polemonium caeruleumJacob's-ladderPolemoniaceae197.1
Echium vulgareViper's-buglossBoraginaceae197.1
Ajuga reptansBugleLamiaceae139
Ballota nigraBlack HorehoundLamiaceae11
Clinopodium calaminthaLesser CalamintLamiaceae171.01
Galeopsis tetrahitCommon Hemp-nettleLamiaceae11
Lamium purpureumRed Dead-nettleLamiaceae11
Mentha aquaticaWater MintLamiaceae1127
Phlomis sp.Sage (unspecified)Lamiaceae197.1
Salvia sclareaClaryLamiaceae197.1
Salvia splendensScarlet SageLamiaceae11
Satureja montanaWinter SavoryLamiaceae197.1
Stachys officinalisBetonyLamiaceae197.1
Buddleja x weyerianaWeyer's Butterfly-bushBuddlejaceae11
Hebe sp.Hebe (unspecified)Scrophulariaceae1129
Rhinanthus minorYellow-rattleScrophulariaceae1104
Lobelia erinusGarden LobeliaCampanulaceae11
Galium odoratumWoodruffRubiaceae197.1
Phuopsis stylosaCaucasian CrosswortRubiaceae197.1
Lonicera periclymenumHoneysuckleCaprifoliaceae197, 97.1
Viburnum tinusLaurustinusCaprifoliaceae197.1
Ageratum houstonianumFlossflowerAsteraceae197.1
Anthemis cotulaStinking ChamomileAsteraceae11
Artemisia vulgarisMugwortAsteraceae11
Cosmos bipinnatus Mexican AsterAsteraceae197.1
Crepis capillarisSmooth Hawk's-beardAsteraceae11
Gaillardia x grandifloraBlanketflowerAsteraceae197.1
Helenium autumnaleSneezeweedAsteraceae197.1
Leontodon autumnalisAutumn HawkbitAsteraceae12
Liatris spicata Blazing StarAsteraceae197.1
Ligularia dentataLeopardplantAsteraceae197.1
Matricaria discoideaPineappleweedAsteraceae11
Osteospermum jucundum Cape DaisyAsteraceae197.1
Petasites hybridusButterburAsteraceae11
Senecio vulgarisGroundselAsteraceae11
Tussilago farfaraColt's-footAsteraceae11
Agapanthus praecoxAfrican LilyLiliaceae197.1
Hyacinthus orientalisHyacinthLiliaceae197
Laurelia sempervirensChilean LaurelAtherospermataceae197.1
[Nectar references]
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