Pieris brassicae

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LARGE WHITE <i>Pieris brassicae</i>

LARGE WHITE Pieris brassicae

HOSTPLANTS

Plant speciesVernacularPlant familyStatusReferences
Brassica oleraceaCabbage (including Wild Cabbage)BrassicaceaeMainA3, A6, B4, B5, B10, B11, C8, C17, D2, E10, F2, F3, F8, G4, G5, G7, H3, H18, P5, R5, S7, S8, S16, S19, T2, T5, T9, W9, W12, W13
Brassica sppCabbage (unspecified)BrassicaceaeMainA5, B9, C16, G6, H24, M4, R7, S1, S11, S16, S17, T9
Alliaria petiolataGarlic MustardBrassicaceaeSecondaryD4, G5, G7
Barbarea vulgarisWinter-cressBrassicaceaeSecondaryG7
Brassica nigra Black MustardBrassicaceaeSecondaryB3, B5
Crambe maritimaSea-kaleBrassicaceaeSecondaryA3, C15, W12
Diplotaxis tenuifolia Perennial Wall-rocketBrassicaceaeSecondaryW3
Lepidium sativumGarden CressBrassicaceaeSecondaryF2
Raphanus raphanistrum ssp. maritimusSea RadishBrassicaceaeSecondaryF9
Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticumWater-cressBrassicaceaeSecondaryB3
Sisymbrium officinale Hedge MustardBrassicaceaeSecondaryA2, B5, W3
Reseda luteaWild MignonetteResedaceaeSecondaryA3, A6, B4, C8, D2, E10, F8, G7, M4, P9, S7, S11, S19, T2, T5
Reseda luteolaWeldResedaceaeSecondaryA6, M4, P9, S11, W12
Armoracia rusticana Horse-radishBrassicaceaeNon-native plantA2, B5, B11, C16, G5, W3, W9, W12
Brassica napusRapeBrassicaceaeNon-native plantA3, A6, C8, N1, P9, S8, T5
Brassica rapaTurnipBrassicaceaeNon-native plantA6, F2, G5, G9, S19, T5, W9
Erysimum cheiriWallflowerBrassicaceaeNon-native plantW12
Hesperis matronalisDame's-violet (Sweet Rocket)BrassicaceaeNon-native plantA5, P4, P5
Lunaria annuaHonestyBrassicaceaeNon-native plantA5, A6, C10, C17, P9, T5, W12
Malcolmia maritimaVirginia StockBrassicaceaeNon-native plantW12
Raphanus raphanistrumWild RadishBrassicaceaeNon-native plantB3, B5
Raphanus sativusGarden RadishBrassicaceaeNon-native plantA6, B5, F2, G5, P9, S19, T5
Sinapis albaWhite MustardBrassicaceaeNon-native plantF2
Reseda odoraraGarden MignonetteResedaceaeNon-native plantS8
Cleome sesquiorygalis SpiderflowerCapparaceaeNon-native plantB8
Tropaeolum majusNasturtiumTropaeolaceaeNon-native plantA3, A6, B4, B5, B10, B11, C8, C16, D2, D7, E10, F2, F3, F9, G4, G5, G7, H2, H3, H18, M4, P5, P6, P9, S7, S8, S11, S19, T2, T5, W9, W12, W13
[Hostplant references]

NECTAR SOURCES

Plant speciesVernacularPlant familyNo. recordsReferences
Buddleja davidiiButterfly-bush (Buddleia)Buddlejaceae10741, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 58.01, 61.01, 62.05, 62. 06, 97, 97.1, 113, 114, 122, 127, 129, 132, 139, 197
Lavandula x intermediaGarden LavenderLamiaceae1751, 2, 44, 58.01, 97.1, 129
Centranthus ruberRed ValerianValerianaceae851, 58.01, 97.1, 129
Phaseolus coccineusRunner BeanFabaceae6897, 97.1
Lunaria annuaHonestyBrassicaceae651, 6, 97.1, 129
Aubrieta deltoideaAubretiaBrassicaceae5934, 44, 97.1
Hesperis matronalisDame's-violet (Sweet Rocket)Brassicaceae591, 28, 97, 97.1, 129
Aster novi-belgiiConfused Michaelmas-daisyAsteraceae5997.1
Scabiosa sp.Scabious (unspecified)Dipsacaceae5697.1
Tagetes erectaAfrican MarigoldAsteraceae5197.1
Lobelia sp.Lobelia (unspeified)Campanulaceae4697.1
Sedum spectabileButterfly Stonecrop (Iceplant)Crassulaceae391, 97.1, 195
Hebe x franciscanaHedge VeronicaScrophulariaceae3997.1
Rubus fruticosus agg.BrambleRosaceae381, 97.1, 127
Iberis umbellataGarden CandytuftBrassicaceae3744, 97.1, 129
Taraxacum sp.DandelionAsteraceae311, 6, 32, 39, 62.09, 97.1, 113
Eupatorium cannabinumHemp-agrimonyAsteraceae301, 97.1, 127
Phlox drummondiiPhloxPolemoniaceae271, 97, 97.1
Centaurea sp.Knapweed (unspecified)Asteraceae2739, 97.1, 104, 117
Mentha sp.Mint (unspecified)Lamiaceae2497.1, 119
Erysimum cheiriWallflowerBrassicaceae234, 60.01, 97, 97.1, 129, 197
Cirsium arvenseCreeping ThistleAsteraceae221, 5
Verbena bonariensisArgentinian VervainVerbenaceae201, 97, 129
Nepeta x faasseniiGarden Cat-mintLamiaceae201, 97, 97.1
Cirsium sp.Thistle (unspecified)Asteraceae2039, 104, 115, 117, 119
Ligustrum ovalifoliumGarden PrivetOleaceae191, 97.1, 127
Callistephus chinensisChina AsterAsteraceae192, 97.1
Tropaeolum majusNasturtiumTropaeolaceae1897, 97.1, 129
Dipsacus fullonumWild TeaselDipsacaceae1739, 97.1
Lobularia maritimaSweet AlisonBrassicaceae1597.1
Fragaria x ananassa Garden StrawberryRosaceae1597.1
Dianthus barbatusSweet-WilliamCaryophyllaceae1497.1
Silene dioicaRed CampionCaryophyllaceae141, 97.1, 115, 117, 119, 127, 129
Thymus polytrichusWild ThymeLamiaceae1497.1
Senecio jacobaeaCommon RagwortAsteraceae141, 39, 97.1
Geranium sp.Crane's-bill (unspecified)Geraniaceae131, 97.1
Myosotis sp.Forget-me-not (unspecified)Boraginaceae1397.1
Hyssopus officinalisHyssopLamiaceae1397.1, 129
Cirsium vulgareSpear ThistleAsteraceae121, 117
Verbena x hybrida VerbenaVerbenaceae1197.1
(not given)"other yellow Composite"Asteraceae11119
Pulicaria dysentericaCommon FleabaneAsteraceae1139, 97.1
Lychnis sp.Catchfly (unspecified)Caryophyllaceae1097.1
Chamerion angustifoliumRosebay WillowherbOnagraceae101
Centaurea nigraCommon KnapweedAsteraceae101, 4, 19, 115, 127
Aster x salignusCommon Michaelmas-daisyAsteraceae91, 4
Arctium lappaGreater BurdockAsteraceae81
Hyacinthoides non-scriptaBluebell Liliaceae839, 97.1, 119
Helichrysum bracteatumEverlastingflowerAsteraceae72, 97.1
Solidago canadensisCanadian GoldenrodAsteraceae797.1
Calluna vulgarisHeatherEricaceae697.1, 119
Primula vulgarisPrimrosePrimulaceae697.1, 117
Escallonia bifidaWhite EscalloniaGrossulariaceae697.1
Dahlia pinnataDahliaAsteraceae644, 97.1
Lavatera sp.Tree-mallowMalvaceae597.1
Lythrum salicariaPurple-loosestrifeLythraceae597, 97.1
Calendula officinalisPot MarigoldAsteraceae597.1
Echinops sp.Globe-thistle (unspecified)Asteraceae597.1
Hieracium sp.HawkweedAsteraceae51
Leucanthemum x superbumShasta DaisyAsteraceae597.1
Tanacetum partheniumFeverfewAsteraceae597.1
Ranunculus acrisMeadow ButtercupRanunculaceae41, 20
Trifolium pratenseRed CloverFabaceae41, 119
Petunia x hybridaPetuniaSolanaceae41, 97.1, 129
Leontodon saxatilisLesser HawkbitAsteraceae41, 104, 113, 118
Tagetes patulaFrench MarigoldAsteraceae42
Allium schoenoprasumChivesLiliaceae497.1, 129
Hyacinthoides hispanicaSpanish BluebellLiliaceae41, 4
Viola x wittrockianaGarden PansyViolaceae397.1
Brassica oleraceaWild CabbageBrassicaceae31, 116
Matthiola incanaHoary StockBrassicaceae31, 97.1
Medicago sativaLucerneFabaceae336, 97.1
Epilobium hirsutumGreat WillowherbOnagraceae31
Ceanothus x delileanusCeanothusRhamnaceae397.1
Pelargonium x hybridumGeraniumGeraniaceae31, 97.1
Impatiens glanduliferaIndian Balsam (Himalayan Balsam)Balsaminaceae31
Hedera helixIvyAraliaceae31, 97.1, 205
Calystegia silvaticaLarge BindweedConvolvulaceae31
Scabiosa columbariaSmall ScabiousDipsacaceae32, 6
Bellis perennisDaisyAsteraceae397.1
Cichorium intybusChicoryAsteraceae397.1
Hypochaeris radicataCat's-earAsteraceae31, 97.1
Allium sp.Onion (unspecified)Liliaceae397.1, 129
Dianthus sp.Pink (unspecified)Caryophyllaceae297.1
Saponaria officinalisSoapwortCaryophyllaceae297.1
Ceratostigma willmottianumChinese-plumbagoPlumbaginaceae297.1
Limonium sp.Sea-lavender (unspecified)Plumbaginaceae297.1, 146
Psylliostachys suworowiiStaticePlumbaginaceae297.1
Cardamine pratensisCuckooflowerBrassicaceae21, 139
Reseda odorataGarden MignonetteResedaceae297.1
Colutea arborescensBladder-sennaFabaceae297.1
Trifolium sp.Clover (unspecified)Fabaceae236, 104
Heracleum sphondyliumHogweedApiaceae21
Anchusa azureaGarden AnchusaBoraginaceae297.1
Heliotropium arborescensHeliotropeBoraginaceae244, 97.1
Caryopteris x clandonensis Blue Mist Shrub/BluebeardVerbenaceae297.1
(not given)"red Labiate"Lamiaceae2119
Origanum vulgareWild MarjoramLamiaceae22, 7
Phlomis sp.Sage (unspecified)Lamiaceae297.1
Salvia officinalisSage (unspecified)Lamiaceae297.1
Syringa vulgarisLilacOleaceae21, 97, 97.1
Linaria sp.Toadflax (unspecified)Scrophulariaceae297, 97.1
Succisa pratensisDevil's-bit ScabiousDipsacaceae235, 39
Ageratum houstonianumFlossflowerAsteraceae297.1, 129
Anaphalis margaritaceaPearly EverlastingAsteraceae297.1
Centaurea cyanusCornflowerAsteraceae297.1
Centaurea scabiosaGreater KnapweedAsteraceae2111, 119
Leucanthemum vulgareOxeye DaisyAsteraceae297.1
Aconitum napellus Monk's-hoodRanunculaceae197.1
Clematis vitalbaTraveller's-joyRanunculaceae1122
Beta vulgaris subsp.cicla var.flavescens Swiss ChardChenopodiaceae197.1
Lychnis coronariaRose CampionCaryophyllaceae197
Lychnis flos-cuculiRagged-RobinCaryophyllaceae139
Stellaria holosteaGreater StitchwortCaryophyllaceae139
Fallopia baldschuanicaRussian-vinePolygonaceae197.1
Persicaria bistortaCommon BistortPolygonaceae11
Persicaria sp.Bistort (unspecified)Polygonaceae197.1
Plumbago sp.(none)Plumbaginaceae197.1
Lavatera thuringiacaGarden Tree-mallowMalvaceae197
Viola sp.Violet (unspecified)Violaceae197.1
Arabis caucasicaGarden ArabisBrassicaceae134
Brassica oleracea var.botrytisCauliflower/BroccoliBrassicaceae197.1
Malcolmia maritimaVirginia StockBrassicaceae1129
Raphanus raphanistrumWild RadishBrassicaceae11
Raphanus sativusGarden RadishBrassicaceae197.1
Erica vagansCornish HeathEricaceae167.03
Rhododendron ponticumRhododendronEricaceae197.1
Crataegus monogynaHawthornRosaceae1122
Rosa sp.Rose (unspecified)Rosaceae197.1
Rubus idaeusRaspberryRosaceae197.1
Lathyrus latifoliusBroad-leaved Everlasting-peaFabaceae197.1
Onobrychis viciifoliaSainfoinFabaceae139
Phaseolus vulgarisFrench BeanFabaceae197.1
Trifolium repensWhite CloverFabaceae11
Vicia fabaBroad BeanFabaceae136
Epilobium montanumBroad-leaved WillowherbOnagraceae11
Oenothera sp.Evening-primroseOnagraceae197.1
Aesculus carneaRed Horse-chestnutHippocastanaceae11
Impatiens sp.Balsam (unspecified)Balsaminaceae197.1
Anthriscus sylvestrisCow ParsleyApiaceae11
Nerium oleanderOleanderApocynaceae197.1
Nicotiana sp.TobaccoSolanaceae197.1
Solanum tuberosumPotatoSolanaceae197.1
Convolvulus arvensisField BindweedConvolvulaceae197.1
Ipomoea sp.Morning-gloryConvolvulaceae197.1
Gilia capitata Globe GiliaPolemoniaceae197.1
Borago officinalisBorageBoraginaceae1129
Heliotropium sp.HeliotropeBoraginaceae1127
Symphytum officinaleCommon ComfreyBoraginaceae197.1
Lantana camaraLantanaVerbenaceae197.1
Agastache urticifoliaNettleleaf Giant HyssopLamiaceae1127
Ajuga reptansBugleLamiaceae139
Ballota nigraBlack HorehoundLamiaceae11
Clinopodium calaminthaLesser CalamintLamiaceae171.01
Lamium purpureumRed Dead-nettleLamiaceae11
Satureja montanaWinter SavoryLamiaceae197.1
Stachys officinalisBetonyLamiaceae197.1
Buddleja globosaOrange-ball-treeBuddlejaceae1127
Buddleja x weyerianaWeyer's Butterfly-bushBuddlejaceae11
Veronica sp.Speedwell (unspecified)Scrophulariaceae197.1
Galium odoratumWoodruffRubiaceae197.1
Phuopsis stylosaCaucasian CrosswortRubiaceae197.1
Abelia x grandifloraGlossy AbeliaCaprifoliaceae11
Lonicera periclymenumHoneysuckleCaprifoliaceae197.1
Viburnum tinusLaurustinusCaprifoliaceae197.1
Knautia arvensisField ScabiousDipsacaceae139
Anthemis arvensisCorn ChamomileAsteraceae197.1
Argyranthemum frutescensMargueriteAsteraceae11
Carlina vulgarisCarline ThistleAsteraceae139
Dendranthema sp.Florist's ChrysanthemumAsteraceae197.1
Echinacea purpureaPurple ConeflowerAsteraceae197.1
Helenium autumnaleSneezeweedAsteraceae197.1
Helianthus annuusSunflowerAsteraceae11
Inula helenium ElecampaneAsteraceae11
Liatris spicata Blazing StarAsteraceae197.1
Ligularia dentataLeopardplantAsteraceae197.1
Rudbeckia sp.Coneflower (unspecified)Asteraceae197.1
Agapanthus praecoxAfrican LilyLiliaceae197.1, 127
-(honey-dew)-135
-[yellow-flowered garden shrub]11
[Nectar references]
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