Papilio machaon

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SWALLOWTAIL <i>Papilio machaon</i>

SWALLOWTAIL Papilio machaon

HOSTPLANTS

Plant speciesVernacularPlant familyStatusReferences
Peucedanum palustreMilk-parsleyApiaceaeMainA3, A6, B4, C8, D2, E11, F2, F3, G5, H3, H18, H20, M4, P5, P6, S1, S7, S8, S19, T2, W13
Angelica sylvestrisWild AngelicaApiaceaeMigrants onlyA3, A6, B4, C8, F2, G3, H18, M4, P5, S7, S8, S19
Daucus carotaCarrot, including Wild CarrotApiaceaeMigrants onlyA3, B4, C8, E11, G5, H18, M4, P6, S1, S7, S8, S19, T2, W13
Aegopodium podagrariaGround-elderApiaceaeLarva found in wildA5, S9
Anethum graveolensDillApiaceaeNon-native plantS10
Foeniculum vulgareFennelApiaceaeNon-native plantB4, G5, H18, M4, P6, S7, S8, T2
Petroselinum crispumGarden ParsleyApiaceaeNon-native plantS10
Carum carviCarawayApiaceaeUnlikely? (old refs. only)A6
Heracleum sphondyliumHogweedApiaceaeUnlikely? (old refs. only)A6, S8
Pimpinella saxifragaBurnet-saxifrageApiaceaeUnlikely? (old refs. only)A6
[Hostplant references]

NECTAR SOURCES

Plant speciesVernacularPlant familyNo. recordsReferences
Lychnis flos-cuculiRagged-RobinCaryophyllaceae81, 10, 30, 39, 45, 49.04, 64.04, 72.01
Dianthus barbatusSweet-WilliamCaryophyllaceae41, 73.16
Cirsium dissectumMeadow ThistleAsteraceae330, 45, 49.04
Cirsium palustreMarsh ThistleAsteraceae330, 64.04, 72.01
Cirsium sp.Thistle (unspecified)Asteraceae310, 89.04, 128.1
Silene dioicaRed CampionCaryophyllaceae231, 72.01
Trifolium pratenseRed CloverFabaceae23951.01
Buddleja davidiiButterfly-bush (Buddleia)Buddlejaceae221, 45
Pedicularis palustrisMarsh LousewortScrophulariaceae245, 49.04
Cakile maritimaSea RocketBrassicaceae1164
Lythrum salicariaPurple-loosestrifeLythraceae172.01
Valeriana dioicaMarsh ValerianValerianaceae149.03
Valeriana sp.Valerian (unspecified)Valerianaceae149.04
Dipsacus fullonumWild TeaselDipsacaceae139
Succisa pratensisDevil's-bit ScabiousDipsacaceae139
Centaurea nigraCommon KnapweedAsteraceae189.03
Centaurea sp.Knapweed (unspecified)Asteraceae194.02
Eupatorium cannabinumHemp-agrimonyAsteraceae1128.1
Hyacinthoides non-scriptaBluebell Liliaceae139
[Nectar references]
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